Quaid-e-Azam Biography, 14 Points and Quotes
Quaid-e-Azam (Muhammad Ali Jinnah), (Great Leader), was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan. He is considered one of the most influential figures in the history of South Asia and is revered as the “Father of the Nation” in Pakistan.
Cast of Quaid-e-Azam
Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader), was a Muslim and a member of the Shia sect of Islam. He was also a member of the All India Muslim League and later became the founder of Pakistan, which was created as a separate Muslim-majority state in 1947. He is widely regarded as the “Father of Pakistan” and is considered one of the most important figures in South Asian history. He also played a key role in the creation of Pakistan as a separate Muslim-majority state in 1947.
He was the eldest of seven children born to Jinnah Bhai Poonja and his wife Mithibai. His father was a prosperous merchant.
He married twice. His first wife was Emibai Jinnah, whom he married in 1892 when he was 16 and she was 14. Emibai died of tuberculosis just a few months after the marriage.
His second and last marriage was with Ruttie Jinnah, daughter of Sir Dinshaw Petit, a prominent Parsi businessman. They got married in 1918. However, the marriage was not successful and they separated after a few years. Ruttie also died in 1929.
Quaid-e-Azam had no children from either of his marriages.
Early Life and Education
Jinnah was born on December 25, 1876, in Karachi, British India (now in Pakistan). He received his early education at the Sindh Madrasah High School and later at the Christian Mission School. In 1892, he enrolled at the Bombay University to study law, but he did not complete his degree. Instead, he moved to London in 1896 and studied law at Lincoln’s Inn. He was called to the bar in 1899 and returned to India.
Jinnah was a man who dedicated most of his time to politics and public service. He was known to be a man of great discipline and focus, and did not have many hobbies. However, he was known to enjoy playing billiards and was a good player. He also enjoyed reading and had a good collection of books. He also enjoyed listening to music and had a good collection of classical music. He also was a smoker but quit smoking later in his life.
Upon his return to India, Jinnah began his legal practice in Bombay. He quickly gained a reputation as a skilled and eloquent lawyer and was appointed to the Bombay High Court in 1913. He also served as the President of the Muslim League, a political party that aimed to protect the rights of Muslims in British India.
Jinnah’s political career began to take shape in the 1910s and 1920s. He played a key role in the Indian independence movement, working alongside leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru. However, he disagreed with their vision of a united, secular India and instead advocated for a separate Muslim state.
Quaid-e-Azam Struggle and Role in the Creation of Pakistan
Jinnah’s efforts to secure a separate Muslim state gained momentum in the 1940s. He became the leader of the Muslim League and worked tirelessly to win support for the cause of Pakistan. In 1946, he led the Muslim League to a resounding victory in the British Indian provinces of Bengal and Sindh. On August 14, 1947, Pakistan was declared an independent nation.
As Governor-General of Pakistan
Jinnah was appointed as the Governor-General of Pakistan and served in this role until his death in 1948. During his tenure, he worked to establish the new nation’s government and institutions, and to promote unity and stability.
The 14 Points of Quaid-e-Azam
The “14 Points of Quaid-e-Azam” refers to a set of political demands put forward by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the leader of the All India Muslim League, in 1929. These demands were made in response to the British government’s proposal for constitutional reform in British India, known as the Simon Commission. The 14 points were intended to safeguard the rights and interests of Muslims in a future independent India. The points are:
- Federal structure with the residuary powers vested in the provinces
- No discrimination between Muslims and non-Muslims in the services
- One-third Muslim representation in the Central Legislative Assembly
- Separate electorates for Muslims
- No taxation without representation
- Representation of minorities in every service
- No change in the constitutional structure without the consent of all communities
- Protection of Muslim culture and education
- Preservation of Muslim personal law
- Adequate representation of Muslims in finance, commerce and industry
- Adequate representation of Muslims in the armed forces
- Protection of Muslim places of worship and religious institutions
- Recognition of the status of Muslim majority provinces
- The right to form a separate Muslim state, if the Muslims of NW day Pakistan demand it
These points were presented by Quaid-e-Azam and Muslim League as a way to ensure the rights and representation of Muslim minority in India, and in 1940 Muslim League passed Lahore Resolution demanding a separate homeland for Muslims of British India. Eventually Pakistan came into being on 14 august 1947 as a separate Muslim state.
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah had many famous quotes. Some of his most famous quotes are:
- “With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve”
- “There are two powers in the world; one is the sword and the other is the pen. There is a great competition and rivalry between the two. There is a third power stronger than both, that of the women”
- “Think a hundred times before you take a decision, but once that decision is taken, stand by it as one man”
- “No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs. It is a crime against humanity that our women are shut up within the four walls of the houses as prisoners.”
- “Without justice, courage is weak”
- “Work, work and work, this is the only way to prosperity and greatness”
- “The story of Pakistan, its struggle and its achievement, is the very story of great human ideals, struggling to survive in the face of great human obstacles.”
- “I do not believe in taking the right decision, I take a decision and make it right”
- “I am a man of principles. I do not compromise on principles”
- “With you, I am invincible”
Quaid-e-Azam Death and Legacy
Jinnah died on September 11, 1948, just over a year after the creation of Pakistan. He is revered as the “Father of the Nation” in Pakistan and is remembered for his role in the creation of the country. His legacy continues to shape the political and social landscape of Pakistan to this day.
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a great leader and the founding father of Pakistan. His visionary leadership and unwavering determination led to the creation of a separate Muslim state, which is now known as Pakistan. His contributions to the political and legal field are still remembered and cherished by the nation.