History of Mughal Emperors-Babur To Aurangzeb
The Mughal Empire was one of the greatest dynasties in Indian history, ruling from the 16th century to the mid-19th century. It was founded by Babur, who was succeeded by his descendants until the empire’s eventual decline. In this blog, we will discuss the Mughal emperors from Babur to Aurangzeb, their families, backgrounds, and deaths.
Mughal Emperors from Babur To Aurangzeb
Babur: The Founder of the Mughal Dynasty
Babur was a Central Asian prince who conquered parts of India in 1526 and founded the Mughal dynasty. He was a descendant of both Genghis Khan and Timur, making him a fierce warrior and a skilled strategist. Babur’s reign was marked by military campaigns and political alliances, but he also had a passion for literature and the arts. He died in 1530 and was succeeded by his son Humayun.
Humayun: The Unfortunate Heir
Humayun was not as successful as his father in ruling the empire. He faced numerous rebellions, lost several battles, and was exiled to Persia. However, with the help of the Safavid dynasty, he was able to regain his throne in 1555. Unfortunately, Humayun died the following year due to an accident while descending the stairs of his library.
Akbar: The Great Emperor
Akbar was the third Mughal emperors and one of the most successful. He expanded the empire, introduced religious tolerance, and abolished discriminatory taxes. Akbar also had a keen interest in the arts and patronized many famous artists and musicians. He died in 1605 and was succeeded by his son Jahangir.
Jahangir: The Patron of Arts
Jahangir was a connoisseur of the arts and an avid collector of paintings. He also expanded the empire and continued his father’s policies of religious tolerance. Jahangir’s reign was marked by rebellion and political intrigue, but he was able to maintain stability in the empire. He died in 1627 and was succeeded by his son Shah Jahan.
Shah Jahan: The Builder of Taj Mahal
Shah Jahan is known for his extravagant architecture, particularly the Taj Mahal, which he built in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. He also expanded the empire and patronized the arts. However, his reign was marked by political and economic instability, and he was eventually overthrown by his son Aurangzeb in 1658. Shah Jahan spent the last years of his life in captivity and died in 1666.
Aurangzeb: The Last Great Mughal Emperor
Aurangzeb was the last great Mughal emperors, but his reign was marked by religious intolerance and a decline in the empire’s fortunes. He banned music and dancing, destroyed many Hindu temples, and imposed discriminatory taxes on non-Muslims. Aurangzeb faced several rebellions and wars during his reign, which lasted until his death in 1707.
Click HERE for more History Blogs